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Title: The Legacy of Al Azam Imam Abu Haneefah


Title: The Legacy of Al Azam Imam Abu Haneefah

Listed Under: Etiquette's & Morals


5.30pm � Intro and Qirat

6.00 � 6.50pm Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam � Usul ul Fiqh He covered the
topic really well even though the subject matter was complex in nature
in terms explaining of how the rulings are made. Fiqh literally means to
understand. He mentioned that Muhadith collected the hadeeth and their
example is like the Pharmacists who have a large collection of medicines
but do not prescribe the cure. The Faqih derive rulings based on the
Quran and Hadeeth and they are similar to a Doctor who prescribes the
cure. You cannot be a Faqih unless you are a Muhadith. He mentioned
it was not the job of a Faqih to collate a large number of hadeeth
but his job is to analyse the evidences and derive the rulings. The
job of a Faqih is much more difficult because you need to have sound
knowledge of Quran and the background of Hadeeth to come out with the
rulings. In Hanafee Fiqh the rulings were based on the Quran and Hadeeth
but again here they were certain principles in place. He mentioned that
one of the principles is Quran is given preference over to Hadeeth. For
example reading Surah Fatihah in salah, there is a Hadeeth in Bukhari
where it mentions salah is not valid for one who does not read Surah
al Fatihah. However there is a clear verse in the Quran where is states
read whatever of the Quran is easy for you. Therefore even if you read
3 verses of Quran your salah will be valid because this is Fard. Reading
Surah al Fatihah is Wajib because of the Hadeeth. So in summation Hanafee
Madhab look at clear cut evidences (Quran) and then look at Hadeeth and
if the Hadeeth opposes the verse than preference is given to the Quran.

6.55 � 7.40pm Shaykh Zaheer � The Sacrifice and Character of Imam
Abu Hanifah Again very inspiring, he talked about Imam Abu Hanifah�s
piety, worship and dedication to Allah. He was unswerving in his beliefs
and was steadfast in the face of oppression. Very moving incident was
mentioned when the ruler asked him to take up position of chief judge but
Imam Abu Hanifah refused. The ruler took an oath that Imam Abu Hanifah
will become the Chief Qadi (Judge); Imam Abu Haifa took an oath that
he will not. Then he mentioned why he refused, Imam Abu Hanifah said
it is far easier for me to take the punishment (because he was whipped
for refusing) in this world than to face Allah on the day of judgment
with some innocent soul who was executed because I a ruling on favour
of the ruler. Basically the position will entail authorising verdicts
on behalf a ruler rather than being just for the sake of Allah. He
was whipped many times but cried only when struck on the face. They
thought his resolve was broken but Imam Abu Hanifah mentioned that I
only cry for the sake of my mother who will see in this state and not
for my self. Imam Abu Hanifah was indeed like a rock and spoke words
of truth in the face of an oppressive ruler.

7.45 � 8.35pm Mufti Abdur-Rahman � Aqeedah

This topic was quite complex and the Mufti tried to simplify is as much
as possible. He mentioned the history of deviant sects those went to
extremes in the attributes of Allah. Imam Abu Hanifah firstly refuted all
these deviant sects in Kufah and Basrah. His intellect was amazing and he
defeated the Khawarij, Mu’tazilah, the Qadriyyah and the Atheists. When
ever a controversy arose in Iraq and nobody could handle it, they would
refer to Imam Abu Hanifah to debate with them. He blessed by Allah with
such piercing insight that he would use their arguments against them. An
example of this is when the Khawarij approached Imam Abu Hanifah and told
him to repent. The Khawarij believed if you committed a sin you became
kaffir. Imam Abu Hanifah said is it something you know for certain or do
suspect that I have committed kufr. Their leader said no it something
we suspect, So Imam Abu Hanifah mentioned verse of the Quran �O you
who believe! Avoid much suspicion; indeed some is a sin�� (49:12)
and said now you repent because you have committed kufr based on your
own belief. The mufti then mention about the classical scholars and
how they believed in verses regarding the attributes of Allah, the Yad
(hand), Sight, Istawa upon the Arsh. He said they would believe in it
without changing the meaning and leaving the reality unto Allah.

8.40 � 9.25pm � Shaykh Abu Yusuf Riyadh ul Haq � The Legacy of Imam
Abu Hanifah This was an en excellent talk which was rich in nature and
focused to the topic at hand. Persia was not as we know it today and at
that time included Afghanistan. Imam Abu Dawud was from Kabul. Shaykh
first talked about history of Kufa from the times of Sahabah and how
it developed into a centre for learning which became the political,
military garrison and learning centre of the entire Islamic Empire. He
mentioned we praise Imam Abu Hanifah with only that much as Allah had
given him and not more.

During the time Sayyiduna Umar (ra) he sent Abdullah ibn Mas�ud
(ra) to the people of Kufa with a letter stating �O People of Kufa I
am sending someone who I am in need of but I give preference over to
you than myself to teach your religion so treat him well�. Within
short many people flocked to the gathering Abdullah ibn Mas�ud (ra)
and learnt knowledge from him. Also no fewer than 70 veterans of Badr
settled in Kufa, along with many other companions whose number reached
1500. Thus Kufa became a bustling centre for learning and when Sayyiduna
Ali (ra) became Ameer he shifted the capital from Madinah to Kufa. When
he came and saw the knowledge being spread, he remarked �O Abdullah
you have indeed filled this land with knowledge�. The two persons
who were head shoulders above the rest in knowledge from the Sahabah
in Kufah were Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Mas�ud and Sayyiduna Ali (May
Allah be pleased with them). There were so many knowledgeable sahabah
residing in kufa but it terms leading lights it was Abdullah ibn Mas�ud
and Ali (ra). Abdullah ibn Mas�ud (ra) produced many scholars but his
most leading students were Alqama and Aswad. Their leading student was
Ibraheem al Nakhai who was the leading Faqih in kufa and he produced
his leading student Hammad ibn Sulaiman. The best and most intelligent
student of Hammad was Imam Abu Hanifah who travelled to Makkah and
Madinah to learn from students of Abdullah ibn Abbas and Abdullah ibn
Umar (May Allah be pleased with them). Imam Abu Hanifah was attacked
by people throughout the ages and Imam Muhammad would say they only
attack him because of ignorance and envy. Shaykh mentioned a poem in
Arabic �They have ascribed partners to Allah and attacked the Prophet
(saw) so who am I that they may not attack me�. Shaykh said if you are
somebody than people will attack you and if you are insignificant than
nobody will know about you. This has been case throughout history. He
mentioned that Quran and Hadeeth are like raw information which needs to
be distilled so you can understand it. You cannot just pick up a book of
hadeeth and come to your own conclusions because it is near impossible
and this is where Imam Abu Hanifah would discuss each masail at length
with over 40 of his students and then come to a verdict. They include
masters in their own right Imam Abu Yusuf, Imam Muhammad, Yayah ibn
Ma’in, Abdullah ibn Mubarak and many others.

Regarding Yahah ibn Ma�in, Imam Ahmad stated if he does not know a
hadeeth than it is not a hadeeth. Imam Ahmad took many narrations from
Yayah ibn Ma�in because he was a leading Muhadith. However despite
being the leading Muhadith Yayah ibn Ma�in followed the Hanafee
Fiqh very closely. Shaykh then mentioned about people who say Imam Abu
Hanifah did know hadeeth than this a non starter because you cannot be
Faqih unless you are a Muhadith. It is true that Imam Abu Hanifah did
not compile a book on Hadeeth but this does take away anything from
him because Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (ra) only narrated few Hadeeth and Abu
Huriarah narrated over 5200, yet Abu Bakr (ra) knew much more about
the Prophet (saw).

9.30 � 10.30 Shaykh Ahmad Ali � Taqleed

He mentioned Hafidh ibn Hajjar in great detail and how much he knew
yet he followed the Hanbali fiqh. The books which were written by
him went into volumes and so many other leading authorities such ibn
Kathir followed one of the 4 schools of thought. These scholars were
head and shoulders above the contemporary scholars we have today,
yet they adhered to a madhab.

Finally a beautiful dua was made Shaykh Abu Yusuf Riyadh ul Haq to
close the event.

In summation it was en excellent event and covered from different angles.

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